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Black Smoke Coming Out Of RV Hot Water Heater
by Cheryl Teeple
How to Properly Maintain Your RV's Water Heater
Smoky Water Heater Cover
Water Heater Cover
We started the hot water heater, it started fine but there's black smoke coming out of the heater from the outside vent. It ran fine until it shut off cause the water was hot and it went out it did start back up when we turned the switch on again.
It hasn't been used for a long time. We're thinking it needs a good cleaning but can't figure out how to get the screen off. Just not sure about the black smoke coming out, it got on the side of the trailer also the water has a bad odor like rotten eggs only on the hot water we're confused and need answers.
ANSWER: Hi Cheryl, since you don't tell me the year, make or model of your RV nor the make or model of your RV's water heater, I am going to explain things in general terms about RV Water Heaters. First and foremost, the fact that you are seeing black smoke coming out of the water heater compartment is not normal and you should not try to run the water heater again until this problem is resolved.
The most common causes of the smoke in an RV water heater can be something as simple as a spider or other insect nest in the burner tube or burner chamber of your RV's water heater, or even the water heater running at too rich of a setting. My initial suggestion is that based on some of the questions you have asked me, that you take your RV in and have a Certified RV Technician inspect and repair the water heater.
If you do feel comfortable, you can do some routine maintenance on the water heater yourself to see if that resolves the problem. Just follow the steps below.
First, you have to get access to the water heater by removing the water heater cover located on the outside of your RV (pictured above). Depending on the type of cover used you may simply have to twist a little camlock ring and open the water heater door, on other types of covers you may have to remove some screws on the cover to gain access to the water heater.
The video below does a good job of walking you through the basics of the
routine RV water heater maintenance process.
A couple of notes here: If you do not have access to an air compressor, a can of compressed air should be sufficient to dislodge any insect nests from the burner tube or chamber.
Also if you happen to have a Suburban Water Heater, do not skip the important step of replacing the Anode Rod (pictured above).
The reason an Anode Rod is required by a Suburban Water Heater is because the tank of the Suburban Water Heater uses glass enamel over a steel tank. If the enamel cracks for any reason it will expose the steel to the water and the steel will start to corrode even from a pinhole in the enamel. The rod attracts the corrosive elements in the water that could corrode the water heater tank and the rod itself gets corroded.
The Anode Rod is part of the Suburban Water Heater's drain plug. It should be checked at least once a year and should be replaced when half of the rod has been corroded away.
So why doesn't the Atwood need an Anode Rod? The water tank on the Atwood Water Heater is made of aluminum which does not have the same corrosive properties as steel.
Now lets address your concerns about the smell of the water coming out of your hot water heater. The odor could be in the case of a Suburban Water Heater that the Anode Rod has been totally consumed and the tank is rusting out or just from stagnant water that has been in the hot water tank and lines for a long time. Hopefully flushing out the water heater will resolve the odor problem.
If after you have performed all of the above routine maintenance you still have a smoke or soot problem with your water heater then it will definitely be time to take your RV in and have a Certified RV Technician tackle the problem.
I hope that this information has been helpful to you.
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